An ”every-man-for-himself“ philosophy in ancient Africa developed after centuries of building an advanced system of life, then having it destroyed; building again, destruction again, migrating and building somewhere else, only to be sought out and destroyed again, replaced that of an eternal brotherhood in some societies within the continent.
An “every-man-for-himself” philosophy seems very similar to “individual rights” of the West. But how both societies arrived at this way of life is drastically different and has to be meditated upon. One was born out of hopelessness, the other out of western study, debate, and decision. One is about survival, the other is about domination. These two philosophies are directly connected to the “dog-eat-dog” world. Both are unsustainable, violent, patrilineal, insatiable, and barbaric. As stated above, some African societies devolved to this. The higher calling is an eternal brotherhood and the celebration of abundant life.