.A “Messiah” in Jesus’ time meant 3 things:
1) He was a descendant of King David
2) He desired to re-establish David’s Kingdom on Earth and reconstitute the 12 Tribes of Israel
3) His purpose was to usher in the Rule of God
The Jesus of History was a Jewish man who was poor, pious, illiterate, uneducated...a country bumpkin. This Jesus was able to start a movement on behalf of the poor, weak, dispossessed, the marginalized, and women. His movement was seen as such a threat to the most powerful empire the world had ever known that he was hunted down like a bandit, a criminal, arrested, tortured and executed for the crime of sedition.
Paraphrase of Reza Aslan